Domestic Scrap Steel Recycling – Economic, Environmental and Social Opportunities. Steel plays a key role in UK manufacturing, and the modern world is based on and founded by the use of steel. Major industrial sectors such as power generation, infrastructure, automotive, engineering and construction all depend on steel, and these are all sectors which are forecast to grow and will require more steel as they expand. It is clear that the UK steel demand will grow, however production of steel using traditional blast furnace and basic oxygen furnace route is carbon intensive and alternative routes for steel production need to be investigated. If the UK were to recycle all of the scrap steel that it produced it would nearly be able to satisfy the country’s steel demand.